The expectation fulfilment theory of dreaming – a talk by Joe Griffin
A talk given to Human Givens Diploma students in which psychologist Joe Griffin explains why we evolved to dream. He discusses the failure of earlier dream theories to come up with satisfactory answers and why the discovery of the REM state in 1953, which left Freudian and Jungian dream theories ‘dead in the water’, led to his own research. For twelve years he explored the connection between the REM state, in which we dream and the genetic programming that takes place in the REM state. We now know that dreaming evolved to maintain the integrity of mammalian instincts. In the talk Joe also covers the autosymbolic process; why all dreams have to be metaphorical to prevent false memories building up; metaphorical pattern-matching; why we evolved to suppress emotions; why dreaming was nature’s way of conserving energy; the connection between unfulfilled emotional expectations and nightmares; dream predictions and why all mammals dream.
Dreaming, daydreaming and creativity - a talk by Ivan Tyrrell
A talk given to Human Givens Diploma students about what followed from the ‘brain’s big bang’ 40,000 years ago when our ancestors learned how to consciously access the internal reality theatre of the dreaming brain and ‘daydream’ consciously. Once humans started daydreaming they could creatively solve problems in imagination ask abstract questions and generate complex language with a past, present and future tense. Subjects covered in this talk include: the nature of consciousness; cave art; creativity; psychosis and autism; the origin of civilisations; the 12,000 year old Gobekli Tepe stone temples; the importance of REM state research; how the unconscious mind really works; metaphorical pattern-matching; how dreaming helps us stay effective; dreaming and depression; false memory syndrome; why hypnosis can now be viewed as ‘any artificial way of accessing the REM state' – and how to improve psychotherapy outcomes in the modern world.